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  Flora  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
 
Lokrum has got the reservation status since 1976. Its total area is only 0, 7 km² and most of it is closely overgrown with natural vegetation. But there are also gardens and walking paths. One of the most impressive floral elements are the huge trees of Holm Oaks and Manna Ashes. But a lot of them have been exploited in the past, because their wood of is high quality. That’s why on Lokrum there is a lot of coppice-wood. The next stage of degradation is the “Garrigue“, a low shrub land. There are also some biotopes, for example the dry meadows and in the area of the rocks the dry walls and in the area of the coast you can find weeds. It’s amazing how many different plants (about 400) can prosper on such a small area. Very remarkably are the evergreen Holm Oaks witch can be 20 meters high and 1000 years old. If you go for a walk through the island you’ll notice the holy tree prospering around the military hospital: a witness from antiquity, the Laurel. In the botanical garden of Dubrovnik there even grows the Eucalyptus. A plant very similar to the Eucalyptus is the myrtle that you can find in the nature, too. These plants have got very nice blue berries. There are surely other plants like the Strawberry Tree (flowering period is autumn and winter) and the Trebinth Pistachio witch is very resistant against heat, dryness and salt. That’s why you can notice this plant even at the coast. In the coniferous forest there are two species of pines: the Stone Pine (up to 20 meters high and with characteristic umbelliform top) and the Aleppo Pine witch was brought to Croatia by the Greek. Beside all these trees there are climbers like Ivy and the wild Madder on Lokrum, too. There are also a lot of rare and protected plants witch you can admire in the botanical garden. There in you’ll even see the Jupiter's beard – a species of Fabaceae like clover – that can reach a height of three meters. It has got silvery silky leaves with pale yellow blooms. This plant is protected since 1980 according to the Croatian Red Book of endanger plants. Moreover you can see the wooden Spurge growing at the coastal rocks. At Fort Royal you can admire the lat. Putoria calabrica, that is extremely rare. It has got rose blooms in the autumn. This diversity of species is singular. At the beginning of the 20th century people thought about acclimatization of exotic plants. It was realized in 1959 and Lokrum got its botanical garden this way. There are 800 species of plants from Australia, South America, Africa and other parts of the world and even some threatened plants from the Dubrovnik area.

 
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